CHEMISTRY 102 - W10
Last Modified: Saturday, 13-Mar-2010 00:40:02 EST
This material is copyrighted. Any use or reproduction is not allowed except with the expressed written permission of Dr. Zellmer. If you are taking Chem 102 you are allowed to print one copy for your own use during the quarter you are taking Chem 102 with Dr. Zellmer. You are not allowed to disseminate this material to anyone else during the quarter or in the future.
NO calculators are necessary nor allowed for Chem 102
COAM and Syllabus Quizzes:
You MUST take the COAM (academic misconduct)
and Syllabus quizzes and get 100% on each in order to pass
this course. This MUST be completed by Friday,
January 15, 2009 or you WILL FAIL.
This quiz will not count toward your grade. It will be given during the
first recitation. It will cover material covered in 101 that is important
for 102. It will certainly not cover everything but some of the more
important things. If you can't do well on this quiz it means you really
need to review the 101 material, especially that which
is listed on the course web page (see the 'notes' link).
Chapter 13 (13.1-13.9) and sections 5.6-5.10, 8.6-8.9, 9.9-9.11, 10 (10.7-10.8)
and 11.1-11.7 (101 review - while the 101 stuff is not covered directly you need to
know some of this for what is covered in ch. 13 and in later chapters. Now is the best
time to review it. A couple of questions over this material, as covered in class, will
Chapter 14 (14.1-14.7) and Chapter 15 (15.1-15.4)
Naming of alkanes, cycloalkanes, alkenes and cycloalkenes.
Properties of alkanes, alkenes and alkynes (boiling point, solubility).
Combustion reactions of alkanes, alkenes and alkynes (reaction with oxygen,
both complete and incomplete combustion). Halogenation of alkanes.
Determining general formulas for hydrocarbons with varying numbers of
rings, double and triple bonds and halogens.
Oxidation (w. KMNO4) and reduction reactions of alkenes.
(problems 14.1-14.32, 15.1-15.22)
Chapter 15 (15.3-15.12)
Naming of alkenes, cycloalkenes, alkynes, cycloalkynes,
aromatics. Properties of alkenes, alkynes, aromatics
(boiling point, solubility). Combustion reactions of
hydrocarbons (reaction with oxygen). Determining general
formulas for compounds with varying numbers of rings,
double and triple bonds and halogens. Oxidation, reduction
and addition reactions of alkenes and alkynes. Reactions
of benzene. Heterocyclic aromatics (recognizing the various
types listed in the book and notes).
Chapter 17 (17.1 - 17.11):
Oxidation (w. KMNO4), reduction and addition reactions of alkenes.
Names of aldehydes and ketones, physical properites, reactions of aldehydes
and ketones (oxidation and reduction), addition of oxygen compounds
(hydrates, hemiacetals, hemiketals, acetals and ketals), addition of nitrogen
reactions, reactivity of alpha-carbon (keto-enol tautomers and aldol condensation).
Chapter 18 (18.1-18.6):
The carboxyl and acyl groups, polyfunctional carboxylic acids, nomenclature
(both IPUAC and common). Physical properites of carboxylic acids, acidity,
Chapter 18 (18.7-18.11):
esters (formation of esters, carboxylic esters, inorganic
esters), nomenclature of esters (both IUPAC and common), physical properites
of esters, hydrolysis and saponification of esters and esters and anyhdrides
of phosphoric acids, polyesters. Nucleophilic acyl substitution and Claisen
Chapter 19 (19.1-19.9)
Organic nitrogen compounds, classification of amines, names of amines (both
IUPAC and common), physical properties of amines, basicity of amines,
quaternary ammonium salts, reactions with nitrous acid.
Names and formation of amides, properties of amides.
(problems 19.1-19.40, 19.43-19.44)
Chapter 21 (21.1-21.10):
Classification of carbohydrates, Fischer Projections of monosaccharides,
metabolic reactions of glucose, Haworth Projection Formulas, identify the
monosaccharides given in class (select ones from table 21.1 and 21.2 that
I said you need to know and given in the notes), glycosides, oxidation of
monosaccharides, reduction of monosaccharides,
Classification of disaccharides (identify the
4 given in the chapter and in class) and polysaccharides (identify the
4 given in the book and class).
Chapter 22 (22.1-22.11):
Classification of lipids, terpenes, steroids, fatty acids, waxes,
triglycerides, phosphoglycerides, sphingophospholipids, glycosphingolipids.
Identify all of these compounds listed and their components.
Cell membranes. Biological membranes and transport across membranes.
Chapter 23 (23.1-23.10):
Identify the amino acids in table 23.1. Classify these amino acids
in the various groups given in this table and as I gave in class
(remember I gave a second way to group them that might help you
remember them and the functionality of the side chains).
Acid-base properties of AA (zwitterions, AA and pH, etc.) and proteins.
Isoionic point (isoelectric point).
Peptides and proteins. Biological activity of peptides. Bonding in
proteins. Structure of proteins (and the attractive forces mostly
responsible for these structures); primary, secondary, tertiary,
quarternary. Denaturation of proteins.
Hydrolysis of proteins. Know the what the different proteases do
(aminopeptidases, carboxypeptidases and the endopeptidases). Know
which AAs the 3 specific endopeptidases, pepsin, chymotrypsin and
trypsin act on and to which side (the nitrogen or carboxyl end).
Chapter 29 (29.1-29.12):
Identify the nucleic acids, sugars, nucleosides and nucleotides and
which ones appear in DNA, RNA or both. Understand how nucleotides
are connected to form a polynucleotide (primary structure of DNA
and RNA). Understand which nucleotides pair up between two strands
of DNA and how many H-bonds between them. Also, know which nucleotides
pair up when an RNA is involved, either with a DNA strand or other
RNA molecules. Understand how protein synthesis works, from the
production of RNA from DNA to how the various RNAs work together
to make a protein. If given a 3 base (nucleotide) code in DNA
or m-RNA know which amino acid this will code for (given Table 29.3
from the book).